Water Security Along the Nile

The Nile has been a source of civilisation for millennia and today hundreds of millions of people still rely on it to survive. For Egypt, 90% of its water needs depend on the Nile, however it is struggling, if not failing, to meet the needs of the population. Unsurprisingly this is having adverse effects onContinue reading “Water Security Along the Nile”

The UN Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons Explained

The UN Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) was adopted at the United Nations back in 2017 and has come into force on 22nd January 2021. This is the first legally binding multilateral treaty ensuring the process of eliminating nuclear weapons. It completes the ban of weapons that are considered unacceptable due toContinue reading “The UN Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons Explained”

What is Grey Zone Warfare?

In the West security is something we take for granted. Domestically we believe we live in peace, but this is said to be far from the truth. Our security is constantly under threat, economically, politically and socially. This is taking place within what is being called the ‘grey zone’ of conflict. A form of conflictContinue reading “What is Grey Zone Warfare?”

AfCFTA – African Continental Free Trade Area

1st January 2021 will go down as a historic day for free trade agreements. As one economic bloc is shaken, another is created. The UK left the European Union, but African nations started operating under their new free trade agreement. The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) finally came into force in the new yearContinue reading “AfCFTA – African Continental Free Trade Area”

Boiling Down The Brexit Deal

Brexit signals new era for the UK, one of prosperity and greater control according to its advocates, but one of uncertainty and hardship according to its opponents. The deal agreed on Christmas eve is complex and spans over 1200 pages. This article attempts to boil down some of the key points. The UK achieves “zeroContinue reading “Boiling Down The Brexit Deal”

What Is Going On In Ethiopia and What Impact Is It Having On The Region?

The roots of the conflict in the Tigray region of Ethiopia can be traced back to the conception of the current political system. Since 1994, different ethnic groups have controlled the affairs of the country’s 10 regions in a federal government system. The Tigray Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF) was instrumental in setting the system upContinue reading “What Is Going On In Ethiopia and What Impact Is It Having On The Region?”

What Will US-Russian Relations Look Like Under The Biden Administration

Are US-Russian relations set to get worse with Joe Biden as president? It is no secret that President-Elect Biden is likely to take a tougher stance on Russian aggression than his predecessor. In all likelihood we will see policies and rhetoric very similar to that of the Obama administration. There is scope for Biden toContinue reading “What Will US-Russian Relations Look Like Under The Biden Administration”

Green Finance: The Way Forward?

Green finance is very simple in practice; a financial activity (product or service) that ensures a better environmental outcome. It is proving to be an effective way to meet the growing needs of both environmentalism and capitalism. It can take many forms, but broadly its divided into banking, investment and insurance products which ensure sustainableContinue reading “Green Finance: The Way Forward?”

A Threat Beyond Extremist Networks? Recent Attacks in France Raise Concerns

So far in 2020, France has had an increasing number of lone wolf terror attacks. This increase sets a worrying precedent for not only the French intelligence services but that of the international community too. None of the individuals carrying out the attacks that have taken place since September were known to the intelligence services.Continue reading “A Threat Beyond Extremist Networks? Recent Attacks in France Raise Concerns”

Russia’s strategy in Africa: Why it want’s to increase it’s presence

Vladimir Putin has stated that Africa is one of Russia’s main foreign policy priorities. There are a number of triggers for this, increasing involvement of Western powers on the continent is one but the immense economic and strategic opportunity the continent offers may be more important. In 2018, the US ramped up its involvement inContinue reading “Russia’s strategy in Africa: Why it want’s to increase it’s presence”